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Adverbials of Time and Place

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ظَرْفُ اَلزَّمَانِ وَظَرْفُ اَلمَكَانِ

Adverbs reveal extra information about the verb

The Adverbial of Time

The ظَرْفُ اَلزَّمَانِ is an accussative noun which specifies the time associated with the verb.

For example,

سَلَّمْتُ على محمدٍ صَباحًا

I greeted Muhammad (in) the morning

The ظرف زمان always carries the meaning of في (in) which means the sentence has the meaning:

سَلَّمْتُ على محمدٍ في الصَّباحِ

This في  is replaced by changing the verb into an adverbial of time, while the meaning remains the same.

More Examples

وَصَلَ القطار ظُهرًا

The train reached at noon

انتظِرْ لَحظَةً

Wait for a moment

سنَلتَقي قريبًا

We will meet soon

The Adverbial of Place

These are accusative nouns that show position. It always answers the question ‘where?’

تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الأَنْهَارُ

Under it rivers flow

جلستُ فَوْقَ الكُرسِيِّ

I sat on the chair

وقفتُ أَمامَ النّاسِ

I stood in front of the people

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