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We have already gone through the rules for the numbers 0-9 here.

These are the remaining numbers and how to use them.

The Number 10

The number 10 follows the reverse agreement rule – it takes the opposite gender of the noun it describes.

Note that for عشرة the masculine form not only drops the ة  but requires putting a sukūn over the shīn >> عَشْرٌ

عَشَرَةُ أَهْدَافٍ |  ten goals

عَشْرُ لَاعِبَاتٍ | Ten female players

11 and 12

From here on the numbers are made by compounding the cardinal number (1-9) with the tens number (10, 20, 30 ….). So 11 is made by compounding 1 with 10 and 12 by compounding 2 with 10.

So 11 is made up of two words – أحد عشر

12 is اثنا عشر

Usage Rules: 

  • For 11, both words that form the number take the accusative case – أَحَدَ عَشَرَ | إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ
  • 12 is written as اِثْنَا عَشَرَ for nominative an اِثنَي عَشْرَ for accusative and genitive cases
  • Both words follow the gender of the noun. So if they are describing something feminine they change to – إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ | اِثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ / اِثْنَتَي عَشْرَةَ
  • The counted noun is always singular and accusative

Examples:

في المسجد اِثْنَا عَشَرَ رَجُلًا واِثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ سَيْدةً.  

There are twelve men and twelve women in the mosque.

قَابَلتُ اثني عَشَرَ رجلًا

I met 12 men

كَلَّمتُ إحدى عشرةَ امرأةً

I spoke to 11 women

13-19

  • The first word of the number follows reverse agreement – opposite gender of the noun
  • The second word agrees with the noun in gender
  • Both words are accusative without nunation
  • The noun is singular, accusative and takes nunation

ثَلاثَةَ عَشَرَ دَرْسًا  | thirteen lessons

خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ تفاحَةً | fifteen apples

20, 30, 40….90

The multiples of ten from twenty onwards are unaffected by gender. They remain fixed. They are as follows:

Cardinal NumberNominativeArabic symbols
20عِشْرُونَ٢٠
30ثَلاثُونَ٣٠
40أَرْبَعُونَ٤٠
50خَمْسُونَ٥٠
60سِتُّونَ٦٠
70سَبْعونَ٧٠
80ثَمَانُونَ٨٠
90تِسْعُونَ٩٠

The nouns are singular, accusative and indefinite.

50 boys | خَمْسُونَ ولدًا 

50 girls | خَمْسُونَ بنتًا

If the number needs to be accusative the ending is replaced with ‘ين’ instead of ‘ون’

خمسون becomes خمسين

ستّون becomes ستّين and so on

21-99

  • When compounded with twenty and above, the numbers ‘one’ and ‘two’ follow reverse agreement – opposite gender of the noun: 

twenty-one books | و وَاحِدٌ و عِشرُونَ كتابًا or أحَدٌ وعشرون كتابًا

twenty-one letters | is وَاحِدَةُ وعِشْرُونَ رسالةً or إحْدَى وعِشرونَ رسالة

  • The numbers 3-9 follow reverse agreement just as they do when used alone:

forty-three male teachers | ثَلَاثَةٌ وَأَرْبَعُونَ مُعَلمًا

forty-three female teachers | ثَلَاثٌ وَأَرْبَعُونَ مُعَلِمَةً  

  • The counted noun is accusative, singular and indefinite.

100

One hundred is written both as مِائَة and مِئَة. It is unaffected by gender and does not change. 

It’s noun is singular, and genitive.

one hundred men | is مِئَةَ رَجُلٍ

one hundred women | is مِئَةُ امرأةٍ

200

Two hundred is written as مِئَتَانِ for nominal and مِئَتَينِ  for accusative and genitive. When it is compounded with the counted noun in an idhāfa construction, the nūn is dropped.

مِئَتا رَجُلٍ | two hundred men

مِئَتا بنتٍ | two hundred girls

اشتريتُه بمِئَتَيْ دُولارٍ | I bought it for 200 dollars

300, 400 … 900

The remaining multiples of 100 are also unaffected by gender. They are as follows:

Cardinal NumberNominativeArabic symbols
300ثَلاثُمِئَة / ثَلَاثُ مِائَة٣٠٠
400أَرْبَعُمِئَة / أَرْبَعُ مِائَة٤٠٠
500خَمْسُمِئَة / خَمْسُ مِائَة٥٠٠
600سِتُّمِئَة / سِتُّ مِائَة٦٠٠
700سَبْعُمِئَة / سَبْعُ مِائَة٧٠٠
800ثَمَانِيمِئَة / ثَمَانِي مِائَة٨٠٠
900تِسْعُمِئَة / تِسْعُ مِائَة٩٠٠

The counted noun will be genitive, singular, and indefinite:

سَبْعُمِئَةُ كِتَابٍ | seven hundred books

ثَمانِيمِئَةُ مِتْرٍ | eight hundred meters

101  and above

To say 101 and above, we conjugate the hundreds number with the added number:

مِئَةٌ  وَوَاحِدٌ – 101

مِئَةٌ  وَإثْنَانِ – 102

مِئةٌ  وَثَلَاثَةٌ وَ خَمْسُونَ – 153

مِئةٌ  وَأَربَعَةٌ وَتِسعُونَ – 194

The gender of the single digit number agrees with the noun for one and two, and disagrees for 3-9. The tenth and hundredth place numbers remain fixed as usual. The counted noun is accusative and singular.

مِئَةٌ وَأَحَدَ عَشَرَ بَيتًا | one hundred and one houses

مِئةٌ وَخَمسَةٌ وَتِسعُونَ بيتا | one hundred and ninety five houses

مِئَتَانِ وَاِثْنا عَشَرَ قَلَمًا | one hundred and twelve pens

ثَلاثُمِئةٌ  وَثَلَاثٌ وسِتُّونَ كَلِمَةً | three hundred and sixty three words

خَمسُ مِئَةٌ وَخَمْسٌ وخَمْسُونَ سَيَّارَةً | five hundred and fifty five cars

Note: Apart from the hundreds number being conjugated, the rest of the number behaves as it normally would on its own.

1000

Thousand is written as أَلْف alf and it’s plural is آلَاف ālāf. It is a masculine noun.

1000أَلْفalf
2000أَلْفَينalfayn-i
3000ثَلَاثَةُ آلَافٍthalāthat-u ālāf-in
4000أَرْبَعَةُ آلَافٍarba’at-u ālāf-in
5000خَمْسَةُ آلَافٍkhamsat-u ālāf-in
6000سِتَّةُ آلَافٍsittat-u ālāf-in
7000سَبْعَةُ آلَافٍsab’at-u ālāf-in
8000ثَمَانِيَةُ آلَافٍthamāniyat-u ālāf-in
9000تِسْعَةُ آلَافٍtis’at-u ālāf-in
10000عَشَرَةُ آلَافٍ‘asharat-u ālāf-in
11000أَحَدَ عَشَرَ أَلْفًاaḥad-a ashar-a alf-an
12000اِثْنَا عَشرَ أَلْفًاithnā ahsar-a alf-an
15000خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ أَلْفًاkhamsath-a ashar-a alf-an
20000عِشْرُونَ أَلْفًا‘ishrūn-a alf-an
25000خَمْسَةٌ وعِشْرُونَ أَلْفًاkhamsat-un wa ishrūna alf-an
50000خَمْسُونَ أَلْفًاkhamsūn-a alf-an
52500اِثْنانِ وخَمسُونَ أَلْفً وخَمْسُ مِئَةٌithnān-i wa khamsūn-a alf-an wa khams-u miat-un
100000مِئةُ أَلْفٍmiat-u alf-in
200000مِئَتَا أَلْفٍmiat-ā alf-in
345670ثَلَاثُ مِئَةٌ وَخَمْسَةٌ وأَربَعُون أَلْفًا وسِتُّمِئَةٌ وسَبْعُونَthlāthu miat-un wa khamsat-un wa arba’ūn-a alf-an
wa sittumiatt-un wa sab’ūn-a

Millions and Billions

Million is مِلْيُون milyūn and its plural is مَلَايِين malāyīn.

Billion is بِلْيُون bilyūn its plural is بَلَايِين balāyīn.

The work similar to ألف (thousand).





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