Personal Pronouns Overview

Personal Pronouns (الضمَائر ad-ḍmā’ir) are words like ‘I’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘them’ or ‘it’ which replace names and nouns in a sentence.

The Arabic pronoun varies according to gender (male ♂️ and female ♀️), number (singular, dual and plural), and person (first, second and third).

الضمائر المنفصلة Independent pronouns: 

PluralDualSingular
هُم (they|3+)هُمَا (they|2)هُوَ (he)Third Person (m)
هُنَّ (they|3+)هُمَا (they|2)هِيَ (she)(f)
أَنتُم (you|3+)أَنتُمَا (you)أَنتَ (you)Second Person (m)
أَنتُنَّ (you)أَنتُمَا (you)أَنتِ (you)(f)
نَحنُ (We)نَحنُ (We|dual)أَنَا (I)First Person (m & f)

هُوَ ذَكِي

He is smart

هِي مَصرِيَّة

She is Egyptian

هُمَا في البَيت

They (2) are in the house

نَحنُ أصدِقَاء

We are friends

More Examples

ٌأنَا مُعَلِّمَة Im a teacher/ f
ٌأنَا مُعَلِّم Im a teacher/ m
نَحنُ مُعَلِّمَانِ We are teachers / dual/ m
نَحنُ مُعَلِّمَتَانِ We are teachers/dual/ f
نَحنُ مُعَلِّمُونَWe are teachers/ plural/ m
نَحنُ مُعَلِّمَاتٌWe are teachers/ plural/ f
هُوَ مُعَلِّمٌHe is a teacher / m
هِيَ مُعَلِّمَةٌ She is a teacher / f
هُمَا مُعَلِّمَانِThey are teachers/ dual/ m
هُمَا مُعَلِّمَتَانِThey are teachers/ dual/ f
هُنَّ مُعَلِّمَاتٌThey are teachers/ plural/ f
هُم مُعَلِّمُونَThey are teachers/ plural/ m
أنتَ مُعَلِّمٌYou are a teacher /m
أَنتِ مُعَلِّمَةٌYou are a teacher /f
أَنتُمَا مُعَلِّمانِYou are  teachers /dual/ m
أَنتُمَا مُعَلِّمَتَانِYou are teachers /dual/f
أَنتُنَّ مُعَلِّمَاتٌYou are teachers /plural /f
َأَنتُم مُعَلِّمُونYou are teachers /plural /m

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