The Subject

The subject of a verbal sentence is called فَاعِل fā’il. It is the person or thing that does the action.

The subject of a nominal sentence is called مُبتَدَأ Mubtada. It is simply a noun which begins the sentence.

The Fā’il and Mubtada always take the nominative case رَفع raf’.

The subject is highlighted in the following sentences.

اِشتَرى خَالِدٌ السَّيَّارَةَ

Khalid bought the car

رَجَعَ الوَالِدُ مِنَ السُّوقِ

The father returned from the market

الوَلَدُ جَالِسٌ فِي الظِلِّ

The boy is sitting in the shade

The subject can also be shown in the form verb inflections. We will learn more about this in the verb chapters.

Examples,

أُحِبُّ شُرْبَ القَهوَةِ صَبَاحًا

I like drinking coffee in the morning

قَرَأْتُ الكِتَابَ

I read the book

جِئنَا مِنَ السُّعُودِيَّة

We have come from Saudi

Finally, the Mubtada can also be a pronoun,

هُو في البيتِ

He is in the house

هِي مُدَرِّسَة فِي المَدرَسةِ

She is a teacher at the school

هَذا مَسجِدٌ قَدِيمٌ

This is an old mosque

 

Lessons

Course Home Expand All
Basics
Intermediate
1 of 2

Upgrade to Pro

Get lifetime access to great additional resources with our pro plan

Basic

Free
  • All Basic Lessons
  • All Quizes
  •  

Pro

$59
$ 39
  • All Lessons
  • All Quizzes
  • Visual Learning
  • Immersion Exercises
  • Progress Tracking
  • Certificate

Abdul Aleem

Founder, Arabic For Beginners

Abdul Aleem is currently pursuing a Masters degree in Fiqh from the Medina Islamic University Malaysia. He loves Arabic and wants to help others learn it.

How can I make this better?

Your feedback goes a long way in helping me improving these lessons. Help me find mistakes, explain things better, or just let me know what’s on your mind.

Write a review?

Let the world know what you think about this project!

Is this Useful?

arabic for beginners

Marhaban! Hope you are enjoying Arabic for Beginners. Could you a take a sec to write us a review?

It would mean the world to us!