The Subject

The subject of a verbal sentence is called فَاعِل fā’il. It is the person or thing that does the action.

The subject of a nominal sentence is called مُبتَدَأ Mubtada. It is simply a noun which begins the sentence.

The Fā’il and Mubtada always take the nominative case رَفع raf’.

The subject is highlighted in the following sentences.

اِشتَرى خَالِدٌ السَّيَّارَةَ

Khalid bought the car

رَجَعَ الوَالِدُ مِنَ السُّوقِ

The father returned from the market

الوَلَدُ جَالِسٌ فِي الظِلِّ

The boy is sitting in the shade

The subject can also be shown in the form verb inflections. We will learn more about this in the verb chapters.


أُحِبُّ شُرْبَ القَهوَةِ صَبَاحًا

I like drinking coffee in the morning

قَرَأْتُ الكِتَابَ

I read the book

جِئنَا مِنَ السُّعُودِيَّة

We have come from Saudi

Finally, the Mubtada can also be a pronoun,

هُو في البيتِ

He is in the house

هِي مُدَرِّسَة فِي المَدرَسةِ

She is a teacher at the school

هَذا مَسجِدٌ قَدِيمٌ

This is an old mosque


Upgrade to Pro

Get lifetime access to great additional resources with our pro plan


  • All Basic Lessons
  • All Quizes


$ 39
  • All Lessons
  • All Quizzes
  • Visual Learning
  • Immersion Exercises
  • Progress Tracking
  • Certificate

Write a review?

Let the world know what you think about this project!