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Inna and it’s Sisters

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إنَّ and its sisters are particles applied to the mubtada and khabar (subject and predicate) similar to كانَ but have the opposite grammatical effect – They give the accusative case to the subject and nominative case to the predicate.

These particles are:

إنّ verily, indeed

أنّ that

لكنّ but

لأنّ because

لعلّ perhaps

ليت if only

Examples:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Verily Allah is most forgiving most merciful

عرفتُ أنَّ الطالبَ مجتهدٌ

I came to know that the student is hardworking

رأيتُه ولكنّه مشغُولٌ

I saw him but he is busy

يا ليت الدرسُ يسيرًا

If only the lesson was easy

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